The “artificial sun” was activated in China
Toward bright spark; Chinese media reported that for the first time, the country was able to successfully activate its nuclear fusion reactor (artificial sun) and make significant progress in nuclear energy research.
The Tokamak HL-2M is the largest and most advanced experimental fusion research tool in China, and scientists hope it could potentially provide a powerful source of clean energy. The reactor uses a powerful magnetic field to fuse hot and warm plasmas and has the ability to reach temperatures of more than 150 million degrees Celsius, which is almost 10 times warmer than the Sun’s core.
This device is designed to replicate the natural reactions that occur in the “sun” using hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuel, and provides clean energy through the fusion of a controlled nucleus. Chinese scientists have been building smaller versions of nuclear fusion reactors since 2006 and plan to use this invention in collaboration with scientists responsible for building an international nuclear heat-reactor.
During fusion, unlike nuclear fission, no greenhouse gases are released and clean and accessible energy can be achieved without polluting the environment. However, fusion is both extremely difficult and very costly. The total cost of building the International Nuclear Heat Test Reactor is estimated at $ 22.5 billion.